Texas has many areas to locate arrowheads. The best time to hunt for arrowheads and other artifacts in Texas is after a day of rain.
Beaches, Streams and Rivers
A good rainstorm washes the dirt off the surface. Sea-Rim State Park and several local streams in the area of Woodville turn up arrowheads. Two good creeks for finding arrowheads, Beech Creek and Village Creek, are located near Silsbee.
Old Tribal Land
The largest tribe who lived on the lands in the area of Woodville were the Alabama-Coushatta. Visit areas where the Alabama-Coushatta lived to find arrowheads that were left behind years ago.
Several Indian mounds are scattered throughout Texas. One area is the Big Thicket of Southeast Texas. Plan a good day of hiking and look for the Indian Mounds. Arrowheads and other Indian artifacts are found in these areas.
Pay Dig Sites
The sites charge an entrance fee for people to use the land for arrowhead hunting. One large pay dig site on private property, Randy’s Dig, is located in Kerr County, Texas.
Wilson County Sand Pit
The Wilson County Sand Pit, situated 20 miles southeast of San Antonio, is located near Cibolo Creek. It is a large archaeological dig site where diggers have retrieved many varieties of arrowheads, including Plainview, Barber, Clovis, San Patrice, Angostura, Zella and Golondrina.
The Gault archaeological site is midway between Georgetown and Fort Hood in central Texas. The site is excavated by professional staff, including the Texas Archaeological Society.
Arrowheads in East Texas tended to be smaller and thinner than spearheads, though they have somewhat similar shapes: wider and thicker at the bottom for attaching to the shaft and pointed at the other end. They were made from chert, microcrystalline quartz that includes agate, jasper, flint and chalcedony. The colors vary due to variable amounts of organic matter and cherts can be black, gray, pink, brown and purple and are usually have a dull luster and a colorless streak. Chert has a hardness of 7.
Types of East Texas arrowheads
The types of arrowhead found in East Texas come from all eras of Native American history. Point types include Andice, Bell, Evans, Axtel, Folsom, Plainview, Barber, Bulverde, Darl, Edgewood, San Patrice, Angostura, Ellis, Fairland, Kinney, Edwards, Fresno, Perdiz and Scallorn. They vary in their length and width and some have distinguishing shapes. Different types were also prevalent at different periods of time.
The Caddos lived in what is now northeast Texas; the Karankawas held the Gulf between what is now Galveston south to what is now Corpus Christi; the Coahuiltecan occupied the southeast and the lower Rio Grand. The Texas Hill Country is a rich and verdant region, and many smaller Indian bands lived in the area. These areas should have an abundance of arrowheads, still today.
The Alabama-Coushatta Indians were the most abundant people in east Texas, and they lived concentrated around the Woodville area. The banks of the Guadelupe River near the town of Center Point was a favorite residence, and Beech Creek and Village Creek near Silsbee have been very productive. Around San Marcos was rich hunting territory. Many semi-permanent camps were set up in the game-rich Big Thicket region. The Caddo people were concentrated around Indian Creek north of what is now the town of Nobility; following the creek from behind the Baptist Church often yields some interesting finds.
It is vital to gain permission from the appropriate authority — owner, lessee or trustee — before wandering on to private property; without permission such an activity is Entry Without Consent, and to remove any found item is theft. Even as innocent an activity as hunting for arrowheads can be mistaken for an intention to poach wildlife, rustle stock or steal valuable farm and ranch equipment. Without a permit issued by the Texas Antiquities Committee, it is never legal to remove finds from government land, be it state or federal property, even if you have full permission to be on the land and have paid an admission fee. It is never acceptable to enter upon property owned by modern-day Native American trusts, families or reservations. Also refrain from surface hunting any place that may be related to burials or funerary ceremonies.